Language learning is an exciting and fulfilling experience. It enhances one’s intellectual growth. The development of cognitive skills and logical skills are advantages of learning languages. The Korean Language is a universal language. This blog will explore the Korean language alphabet, its pronunciation, its origin, and the formation of Korean words.


Korean Culture
Korean Culture

 Learning a fascinating language like Korean has numerous benefits. It is the 18th most-used language in the world, so it is helpful for travel and business. This versatile language is well known for its unique alphabet Hangul. There are minor spelling, vocabulary choices, and alphabetization differences between South Korea and North Korea. Although they essentially endorse a unified standard, the Korean Language Society proposed in 1933. A good percentage of Korean words are of Chinese origin. But many of these words are altered for the Korean language. This beginner’s guide will take you through the effortless experience of learning the Korean language alphabet

The Korean Alphabet -Hangul

The  Korean alphabet system is Hangul. Hangul is the alphabet and writing system used for the Korean language.  North Korea’s writing system is  Joseongeul. It is the same as Hangul. Hangul letters together make the Korean language.  Both South Korea and North Korea use these letters.

Hangul, The Korean alphabet, was created during the 15th century under the reign of King Sejong the Great. The design of Hangul is simple, logical, and phonetic.  This alphabet is very scientific. Hangul is one of the best writing systems for beginners who don’t know any Korean.  The letters follow a basic order and are easy to write.  The Korean language alphabet consists of 14 consonants and ten vowels. These together make the Korean word beautiful. The Korean Alphabet pronunciation shares lots of similarities with the English alphabet pronunciation. Consequently, it makes the Korean language alphabet easy for those who know English.

Peculiarities of Hangul

Phonetic writing system

The Korean writing system is phonetic. In the Korean language alphabet, characters represent the sound of the language. One can read Korean words easily if he or she understands the basic pronunciation rules.  It is not possible in Languages with non-phonetic systems, like Chinese. In languages with non-phonetic systems memorizing thousands of characters is necessary.

Phonetic regularity

One of the unique specialties of the Korean language alphabet is its high degree of phonetic regularity. Each letter has a consistent sound and pronunciation, making it relatively easy for learners to read and write Korean once they grasp the basics of Hangul. 

 Syllable structure

Korean syllables have a strict structure. Every syllable must contain at least one consonant and one vowel, ensuring that words are easily distinguishable and pronounceable. This feature provides the overall clarity and rhythmic flow of the language.

Syllables-  Consonants and Vowels

Korean Consonants
Korean Consonants


The Korean language alphabet has 14 Consonants. Each has its distinct shape and pronunciation. Understanding how to write and pronounce these consonants is crucial for building a solid foundation in the Language. 

 Here you can see the Romanized spelling for the particular consonant. The consonants are at the start or end of the syllable. The spelling changes accordingly. The use of Romanization is only to spell Korean words in English letters. The spelling varies depending on the position of the consonants. Consonants may be at the start or end of the syllable.  Let us check each consonant individually.








































The Korean language alphabet has ten vowels. These vowels play a significant role in framing syllables and Korean words. The spelling of the vowels remains the same. It is consistent. However, some people may spell Korean words in English letters using their system.

Korean Vowels
Korean Vowels


Vowel       —      Romanized spelling

ㅏ                            a

ㅐ                             ae

ㅑ                             ya

ㅒ                             yae

ㅓ                            eo

ㅔ                             e

ㅕ                             yeo

ㅖ                            ye

ㅗ                            o

ㅘ                            wa

ㅙ                             wae

ㅚ                             oe

ㅛ                             yo

ㅜ                             u

ㅝ                             wo

ㅞ                             we

ㅟ                              wi

ㅠ                              yu

ㅡ                              eu

ㅢ                              ui

ㅣ                               i

Syllables and word formation

A syllable (or ‘mora’) is the smallest sound unit in Korean. Each syllable has three parts: an initial consonant, a medial vowel, and a final consonant.

Consonants in Korean Syllable

Korean language alphabet has a set of basic consonants known as ‘jamo.’ Jamo serves as the building block for Syllables.  These include characters like ㄱ(g/k), ㄴ(n), ㄷ(d/t), and so on.  A wide range of syllables can be created by combining these consonants in various ways.

Vowels in Korean syllables

Like consonants, Korean has a set of basic Vowels known as ‘jamo,’ which play a vital role in syllable formation. These include characters like ㅏ(a), ㅓ(eo), ㅗ(o), and more.  Vowels combined with consonants to create different syllable sounds.  

Building blocks of Korean words

Syllables combined in a specific order form  Korean words. This unique approach to word formation allows for creating words with multiple syllables. Each carries its meaning. 

Compound words and word formation

Korea has a rich tradition of creating compound words by combining multiple individual words of syllables. This method of word formation adds layers of meaning and depth to the language. The Korean language’s emphasis on syllables and word formation sets it apart from many other languages.

Reading and writing practices

Reading and writing exercises in the Korean language alphabet and Korean words help to nourish the learning process. Practicing Hangul characters, reading simple terms, and forming basic sentences will help to learn Korean faster.


Useful Learning Resources

Learning a language is an ongoing process. The right resources will enhance the progress of learning. Many apps (Duolingo, Cake, Drops),

tools(fluent, Memrise, Italki), Textbooks, Online and offline platforms, etc., help to learn the Korean language alphabet, Korean words, and sentence formation.

Henry Harvin Korean Language course


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Henry Harvin is the world’s best upskilling and reskilling institute. 100% practical training and placement are the peculiar features of Henry Harvin. It serves as the best institute for learning the Korean language. They have three levels of tests: beginner levels 1 and 2, Intermediate levels 3 and 4, and advanced levels 5 and 6. One can become a master in the Korean language by attending this course. The institute has a well-designed curriculum. The Korean Institute prepares the curriculum for learning and Evaluation. They give unique guidance on Korean language exams such as TOPIC. It is a 200-hour

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Cities in India where Henry Harvin Korean Language Course is Provided:

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Learning a language is a sign of respect for their country and culture. Korean is a beautiful language. Learning the Korean language alphabet is the first step towards becoming proficient in the language. With its logical structure and phonetic nature, Hangul provides beginners with a solid foundation to build upon. Mastering consonants, vowels, and syllable formation, one will be equipped to read, write, and pronounce Korean words and phrases accurately.

Recommended Reads


Q.1 Is Korean challenging to learn?

 The Korean language has some unique features. That may cause some difficulties. However, consistent practice and dedication make it possible to become proficient in Korean.

Q.2 How many people speak Korean?

Approximately 75 million people speak Korean worldwide.

Q.3 Can one learn Korean online?

Many online platforms are there to train Koreans online. Henry Harvin is one among them. 

Q.4  Which are the apps to learn Korean?

Duolingo, Cake, Drops, etc., are some apps that help to learn Korean.

Q.5 What is the Korean writing system called?

The Korean writing system is called Hangul. It is an alphabetic system comprising 14 basic consonants and 10 basic Vowels. 

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