Machine learning focuses on making algorithms and models. Also, they let computers do tasks without explicit instructions. The algorithms rely on patterns and inference. Besides, it allows computers to learn from data. Over time, they improve without requiring programming for each task.

What is Boosting in Machine Learning? Boosting is popular in machine learning. It uses ensemble learning to improve predictions. We will cover the fundamentals of boosting in this complete guide. We will not only discuss its methods, real-world applications, and usage guidelines. But also, provides a Machine Learning Course Using Python | CMLP Certification which is an excellent choice for those interested in in-depth learning on the topic.

What Is Boosting in Machine Learning

Understanding Boosting


Boosting is a type of ensemble learning method. It combines many weak learners to make a strong learner. Unlike bagging, it trains individual models. Then, it combines their predictions. Boosting trains models one after the other. Each next model focuses on the examples that the previous ones misclassified.

What Are The Key Concepts of Boosting?

1. Weak Learners:

Weak learners are models that perform slightly better than random chance/ guessing. They do so on a classification or regression task. These models could be simple decision trees. They could also be linear models or algorithms that learn from data. 

One common example of a weak learner in boosting is a decision stump. A decision stump is a decision tree with only one split. It makes a decision based on the value of a single feature.

Here’s a simple example: 

Let’s say we have a set of data of emails labeled as spam or not spam. It has features like the email’s length and the presence of certain keywords. A decision stump might make a decision. It does so based only on whether the email is too long.

2. Sequential Training:

Boosting algorithms train weak learners one after another. Each new model aims to fix the errors made by the ones before it. This process continues until it meets a specific stopping rule. Or, until no more progress is possible.

3. Weighted Training:

During training, the model gives higher weights to misclassified examples. It gives lower weights to classified ones. This allows later models to focus on the hard cases. It leads to better performance.

Popular Boosting Algorithms

1. AdaBoost (Adaptive Boosting):

It is among the first and best-known boosting algorithms. Each weak learner in AdaBoost trains on modified training data. And, we increase the weights of classified examples. Certainly, combining the predictions of all weak learners makes the final prediction. Their performance weights them.

2. Gradient Boosting Machine or GBM: 

GBM is a more general boosting framework. Hence, you can use it with various types of base learners. GBM builds weak learners, optimizing a loss function through gradient descent. The key idea is to fit each new model to the errors of the previous ones. This reduces the error.

3. XG Boost:

What Is Boosting in Machine Learning

XGBoost stands for extreme Gradient Boosting. It is a better form of gradient boosting. It has many enhancements. These include regularization, parallelization, and tree pruning. They make it one of the most popular boosting algorithms in research and industry.

How to Implement Boosting Algorithms?

Dedicated libraries like sci-kit-learn and XGBoost provide boosting algorithm implementations. But, you need to understand the inner workings of these algorithms to use them well. Below are the general steps involved in implementing a boosting algorithm:

1. Data Preparation:

Prepare the dataset. Do this by encoding categories and handling missing values. Divide the data into testing and training sets as well.

2. Choose a Weak Learner:

Select a weak learner that fits the problem. Consider the data’s traits. Common choices include decision trees, linear models, and neural networks.

3. Initialize Weights:

Give all training examples equal weight. Do this at the start of training.

4. Iterate Through Weak Learners:

Train weak learners one by one. Adjust the weights of training examples based on their performance.

5. Combine Predictions:

Combine the predictions of all weak learners to make the final prediction. You can do this through averaging. Or, you can use fancier techniques, like weighted averaging.

Different Applications of Boosting:

Boosting algorithms find widespread applications across various domains, including:

1. Classification and Regression:

Boosting is common for both classification and regression tasks. Fields like finance, healthcare, and marketing use it. It can handle complex relationships and noisy data well. This makes it great for predictive modeling.

2. Anomaly Detection:

Using boosting algorithms, one can search databases for outliers or abnormalities. Additionally, this is important for quality control, cybersecurity, and fraud detection.

3. Natural Language Processing (NLP):

In NLP tasks like sentiment analysis and text classification, boosting algorithms often beat other methods. They also beat them in named entity recognition. They do this by capturing complex patterns in text data.

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Henry Harvin’s Machine Learning Course Using Python | CMLP Certification Course is one good option to learn what is boosting machine learning. Because it includes Certified Machine Learning Practitioner (CMLP) Certification. It’s a 32-hour course taught by an instructor. The goal of the design is to provide students with a strong understanding of the theory. It also covers the practice of machine learning. Furthermore, it gives participants the key skills to use machine learning well in real scenarios. It focuses on using tools like Python and Advanced Excel.

Henry Harvin’s Machine Learning Course offers a practical way to master machine learning. It covers concepts and techniques. It is a great choice for people wanting to excel in this exciting field.


Certainly, a guide to “What is Boosting in Machine Learning” is given in this blog. It is powerful in machine learning. It has revolutionized predictive modeling. Boosting algorithms achieve remarkable performance by combining many weak learners in sequence. They work well on a wide range of tasks. You must understand the principles behind boosting. Thus, you need to know its algorithms and implementation details. This is key for using this technique in real scenarios. Since, Machine learning is advancing, Boosting is likely to stay vital for predictive analytics.

Suggested Reading:


Q1. What does boosting mean in machine learning?

Ans: In boosting, weak learners combine into stronger ones. This happens by focusing on harder cases. This continues until the set number of learners reaches.

Q2. What are boosting and bagging in machine learning?

Ans: These are methods for ensemble learning in machine learning.

Boosting creates a powerful learner by combining several weak learners.

While bagging creates many subsets of the training data through bootstrap sampling. It trains each subset and then combines their predictions. It does this through averaging or voting to make a final prediction.

Q3. What is the principle of boosting?

Ans: The idea of boosting is to combine weak learners into a strong learner. Accordingly, it does this by focusing on instances that are hard to classify. It trains models and gives more weight to misclassified instances in each iteration. The goal is to improve performance.

Q4. How does Boosting work in an Algorithm?

Ans: Boosting trains weak learners, emphasizing misclassifications until satisfactory performance. Combining weak learners’ outputs derives the final prediction.

Q5. What are the disadvantages of boosting?

Ans: During, training can be costly and time-consuming in terms of computing.

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