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Robotics, which was fundamentally developed in the early 1950s, is now widely recognized as a self-operating machine with well-trained and learned inputs and is pervasive everywhere. Since its creation, robotic intelligence has evolved to include many different levels of hierarchy.  Robotics was originally developed to be used in factories for industrial usage. Nowadays, it is difficult to identify a sector where robotics are not used. So, let’s find out how different sectors use it to their best.

Artificial Intelligence and Machine learning

General Motors was the first to introduce the modern programmable robot, Unimate – in 1961. Unimate was an autonomous, pre-programmed robot that was used to repeatedly move pieces of hot metal. But the robots of the 21st century are much more advanced and can do more than just perform monotonous jobs. Artificial intelligence, Machine learning, and Industrial IoT have entirely transformed the way robots function. Particularly, the integration of AI and ML is promoting additional automation-related innovation, enabling robots to learn and function using their own brains.


Along with Industrial IoT, mobile autonomous robots, collaborative robots, and/or open-source software are a few trends that impact the robotics market. Additionally, popular subjects like 5G, edge computing, and smart mobility have an impact on the market. Moreover, manufacturers and service providers may make data-driven decisions owing to the ability to collect and evaluate data from intelligently automated operations.

In addition, the COVID-19 epidemic has made it difficult for several industries to fill open positions. Robotic solutions can also help fill up some of these gaps or support the remaining personnel in industries like retail or hospitality struggling due to a lack of qualified workers.

Another factor propelling the robotics market is the move toward simplification. Robotics is also gaining prominence in sectors that have not previously utilized them, with implementation efforts waning. By delivering comprehensive services or bundling hardware and software solutions, robot manufacturers aim to make their products simpler to operate and facilitate the installation of autonomous setups.

Application and use cases

With the integration of Artificial intelligence and Machine learning, robots are now becoming more powerful and advanced. This enables them to perform numerous activities while learning new things and having a better perception of their surroundings. Additionally, a sizable number of datasets are utilized to train the computer vision model. It enables robots to distinguish distinct objects and take appropriate actions.

Now let us try to understand more about the usage of machine learning and AI functions in robotics. Here are some applications and use cases.

4 Tenets of AI and ML in robotics

Artificial intelligence and Machine learning are influencing four aspects of robotic operations to improve the effectiveness and profitability of present implementations. Among the applications of AI in robotics are:

  • Vision: Robots are able to detect stuff they have never seen before and identify objects in considerably higher detail because of AI’s advancements in vision.
  • Grasping: Robots are now capable of grabbing objects that they have never done before, thanks to AI and ML, which assist them in deciding where and how to grab an object.
  • Motion Control: Robots can retain productivity by avoiding obstacles and interacting dynamically.
  • Data: AI and ML assist robots in comprehending patterns in physical and logistical data so they can be proactive and take appropriate action.

However, AI and ML are still in their infancy when it comes to robotic applications.

How AI Works in Robotics?

AI works in robotics

Robotics uses AI to make machines more intelligent and capable of acting in a variety of situations. Robots may perform a variety of tasks, including grabbing things, motion control, computer vision, and data training to recognize patterns in physical and logistical data and take appropriate action.

Additionally, labelled training data is used to train AI models using ML techniques to comprehend the scenarios or identify various objects. Here, picture annotation plays a crucial role in producing a large number of datasets that assist robots in successfully recognizing and grasping multiple sorts of things or carrying out the necessary activity in the proper way.

How is sensor data powering AI in Robotics?

Robots can sense their environment or take in their sights with the use of a sensor. Similar to how humans have five primary sensors, robotics uses a variety of sensing technologies combined. Multiple sensors offer sensing technologies in dynamic and uncontrolled settings, enabling AI in robotics. These sensors range from motion sensors to computer vision for object detection.

Types of Sensors Used for AI in Robotics:

  • Time-of-flight (ToF) Optical Sensors
  • Temperature and Humidity Sensors
  • Ultrasonic Sensors
  • Vibration Sensors
  • Millimeter-wave Sensors

Today, a wide variety of similar sensors are getting more advanced and accurate. Systems that can aggregate all of this sensor data enable robots to have better perception and awareness for taking the appropriate actions in real-life situations.

How is ML used in robotics?

ML use in robotics

Machine learning is basically the process of teaching an AI model to become smart enough to carry out particular jobs or a variety of activities. To ensure that AI models like robots can function accurately, a large set of data is used to feed the ML algorithms. The accuracy would be at the highest level given how much training data will be used to train the model.

In robotics, the robot is taught to identify items, has the ability to grip or hold the same object, and can travel from one place to another. Machine learning primarily aids in the recognition of a variety of items that are observable in a range of situations and come in a variety of sizes, shapes, and colours.

And the computer’s learning process continues. Robots can create new categories to recognize these objects on their own if they become visible again soon after being discovered. Machine learning can be used to train a robot in a variety of ways, though. For a more accurate machine-learning procedure, deep learning is also employed to train these models with high-quality training data.

Applications of industrial robots in two different ways: Artificial intelligence and Machine Learning

Some of the earliest robots using Artificial intelligence and Machine learning are being used in supply chain and logistics applications.

One such instance involves the use of a robotic arm to handle frozen, frost-covered food cases. The robot is constantly provided with pieces that are changing shape because of the frost, rather than merely receiving them infrequently. Despite the objects’ varied shapes, AI aids in their detection and grasping by the robot.

Choosing and organizing more than 90,000 different part kinds in a warehouse is another excellent illustration of machine learning. Without machine learning, it would not be cost-effective to automate this variety of component kinds. However, today’s engineers can continuously give robots images of new parts, enabling the robot to correctly understand different part types.

Application of AI and ML in robotics: Use cases

Robots using AI are more effective since they can self-learn to recognize new items. Robotics is currently utilized in a number of industries to carry out a variety of tasks with the appropriate accuracy and greater efficiency—even better than humans.

Robotics is doing incredible things, making some duties simpler, starting with managing the carton boxes in warehouses. Here, we’ll talk about the numerous industries in which AI robotics is employed, along with the different kinds of training data that go into building these models.

Robotics in warehouses

Use of AI in warehouse

The importance of artificial intelligence in robotics is highlighted by the rise of e-commerce and online retail businesses. Robots are taught to manage enormous volumes of inventory and to carefully move from one place to another. Hence requiring less effort from people to carry out repetitious chores. Minimizing errors and cutting back on operational expenses and time are some additional advantages of implementing machine learning in robotics. Bots are designed to behave like humans and operate on preprogrammed algorithms that guarantee safety by improving their perception of the environment and reducing errors. Automated guided trucks that operate around the clock in warehouses move items using Artificial intelligence and Machine learning technologies.

Another example of how machine learning is used in warehouse robots is aerial drones. They aid in speedy stock scanning and effective inventory control. Since parcels may now be transported through a center more quickly, bots are also being taught to channel distribution in warehouses. Therefore, robotics’ use of artificial intelligence and machine learning frees humans from menial duties in an efficient and timely manner.

Robotics in agriculture

Robotics in agriculture

Automation is assisting farmers in the agriculture sector to increase crop yield and productivity. AI robots in agriculture keep an eye on environmental preservation and quality enhancement. Additionally, it ensures precise crop cultivation and efficient exploitation of land potential while automatically eradicating undesirable flora. Artificial intelligence’s main contribution to robotics is the division of labor, which gives farmers more time to devote to productive activities. Low operating costs and sustainable development are the benefits of the sector’s progressive transition to technology. Robotics training datasets are thus continuously improving the worldwide agricultural environment, from picking fruit and vegetables to applying pesticides and checking on the health of plants.

Robotics in automotive

Robotics in automotive

A wide range of applications in the automotive sector has been made possible by artificial intelligence in robotics, enabling the development of cars at lower production costs. Robotic intelligence aided the design, supply chain, and production processes. Specifically, the car industry proceeded toward automation with fully automated assembly lines to construct automobiles and features like driver assistance, autonomous driving, and driver risk assistance.

The use of machine learning in robots has advanced significantly.

  • The bot looks for components like screws, motors, pumps, etc. to assemble machine parts.
  • Supports the installation of simple tasks like door panels, fenders, etc.
  • AI can also be used for coating and painting.
  • These parts can also be transferred by robots for loading and unloading.

As a result, robots in the automotive industry combine both artificial intelligence and machine learning to carry out particular tasks more accurately and effectively.

Robotics in the supply chain

Robotics in supply chain

Robotics in logistics and the supply chain play a significant role in moving the things delivered by logistics companies, much like AI does in inventory management in warehouses. Computer vision technology is used to develop an AI model for robotics to recognize distinct objects. Such robotics can pick up boxes and set them where needed, or accurately load and unload the same from a vehicle at a faster rate of speed.

Robotics in healthcare

Robotics in health

Robotics with artificial intelligence is a key component of the automated healthcare sector solution. Medical supply and remote surgery markets are being transformed by machine learning in robotics. Medical diagnosis, clinical testing, research analysis, data integration, and surgery all greatly benefit from AI-driven robotics. Additionally, it aids in monitoring patient needs for other necessities as well as their health status and the flow of medicines and medical supplies via the supply chain. As a result, robotics technology that uses machine learning enables machines to carry out essential activities on their own.

In order to train robots for various tasks, AI companies are now integrating big data and other important information from the healthcare sector.

AI in robotics is enabling such devices to become more intelligent and execute a variety of essential activities without the assistance of humans, including the sanitization, disinfection, and execution of remote procedures.

Training data for robotics

Robot training

As you are already aware, creating such robots requires a significant amount of training data. Additionally, such data includes pictures of labeled things that aid machine learning algorithms in discovering and identifying related objects when they appear in the real world.

And in order to create a substantial amount of this training data, picture annotation techniques are employed to annotate the various objects. This makes them machine-recognizable. And Analytics offers AI firms a one-stop data annotation solution. It produces high-quality training data sets for the creation of machine learning-based models.

Analytics can offer the highest quality data at the most affordable prices by working with highly qualified, professional, and experienced annotators who specialize in AI-assisted data labeling services. AI firms can obtain datasets for computer vision-based models created for many industries, including healthcare, retail, agriculture, and autonomous flying objects, among others, in addition to training data for robots.

So it should come as no surprise that AI and machine learning are frequently used to enhance robots. Here are a few instances where an AI robot might outperform conventional ones. Robotics in the industrial sector can help companies finish more activities more accurately. When incorporating robots into the workplace, safety is obviously a primary consideration. This is why certain AI robotics companies are developing solutions that let robots understand their environment and react correctly.

Use of AI and ML by various business moguls

Veo Robotics’ industrial robot system combines sensors, artificial intelligence, and computer vision. Unless someone gets too close, the machines can run at full speed thanks to this setup. As a result, cages for robots are no longer used, although human safety remains a key priority. Thanks to technology created by Veo Robotics, a robot can dynamically assess how far away it needs to be in order to avoid hitting a person.

People become smarter with experience. Thanks to innovations in technology like machine learning, robotic applications may be able to accomplish the same thing. They might no longer need humans to provide continual, time-consuming training. Instead, learning would occur with ongoing use. Business moguls Elon Musk and Sam Altman’s The Shadow Robot Company and their work with OpenAI serve as examples of how you might instruct a robot using machine learning. DACTYL, a robotic system that enables a virtual robotic hand to learn by making mistakes, was created by OpenAI researchers using our hardware to study machine learning. Then these human-like methods were taught to the Shadow Dexterous Hand in the natural world, enabling it to grip and handle objects with efficiency. It is feasible and successful to train agents in simulation without modeling actual scenarios so that the robot can learn through reinforcement learning and make better decisions intuitively.

Researchers at the University of Leeds are creating a robot that uses AI to learn from its mistakes and improve its decision-making. The bot is trained using approximately 10,000 trial-and-error attempts. This enables it to discover which tactics have the highest likelihood of being successful. Similarly to this, Australian researchers trained humanoid robots to react to unforeseen changes in their environment using machine learning. Simulations demonstrated that the machine learning system enabled the biped robot to retain stability on a shifting platform. Robots may become more adaptable in the near future thanks to applications for machine learning. If so, firms intending to deploy robots in settings or activities that demand high degrees of variety will find them more alluring.

Businesses using AI robotics increase manufacturing productivity

Manufacturers are becoming more adept at using AI to improve their workflow. There is no one optimum method for using AI to help, though. For instance, some companies use AI to assist in producing printed circuit boards, which are subsequently used in robots (PCBs). To make a multilayered PCB, which is a particularly challenging procedure, a 20-25-micron layer of conductive electro-deposited copper must be put to the walls of each hole in the component.

Neural networks were used in products to design PCBs as early as the 1990s. The development of new robots could be sped up by the use of artificial intelligence during PCB design or manufacturing. Even though the finished gadgets don’t always need them to function.

By shortening the time required for robots to learn their professions, some AI robotics companies are also speeding up manufacturing. According to a recent release from FANUC, industrial robots that pick products out of bins, for example, can now be trained more quickly. AI substantially simplifies the process of getting robots ready for the warehouse floor. The trainers only need to click on images on a screen to show the bot which shots to pick up and which to ignore.

What if an AI robot could detect when anything wasn’t right with it thanks to machine learning tools? Unplanned downtime may be costly and disruptive for businesses, disrupting workflows and reducing revenue. OMRON recently introduced an autonomous robot that has the ability to recognize when it needs upkeep or repairs. That machine may also help to improve manufacturing efficiency by eliminating equipment faults from generating delays.

Final takeaway

Robotics that use Artificial intelligence and Machine learning are developing swiftly. Only a small portion of how the two technologies can help robots in the future is shown in this overview.

People with a focus on robotics, engineering, or related professions ought to follow these developments and make an effort to comprehend how they can affect their work in the near or far future.

As a result of all these factors, the robotics market is anticipated to keep expanding in the future. It will lead to favorable revenue growth rates over the forecast period.

Robotic market in India

  • In 2023, the robotics market is expected to generate US$711.10 million in revenue.
  • Service robotics is the market’s largest category, with a projected market size of US$482.80m in 2023.
  • Revenue is anticipated to expand at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 6.52% from 2023 to 2027. It has a market volume of US$915.50 million by that year.
  • In terms of global comparison, the United States will produce the most revenue ($7,260.00m in 2023).

Robotic market Globally

  • In 2023, the robotics industry is anticipated to generate US$34.94 billion in revenue.
  • Service robotics is the market’s largest subsegment, with a 2023 market volume forecast of US$26.09 billion.
  • Market volume is projected to reach US$43.32 billion by 2027. It has been predicted to expand at a rate of 5.52% per year (CAGR 2023–2027).
  • In terms of global comparison, the United States will produce the most revenue ($7,260.00m in 2023).

From the above statistics, it is very obvious that robotics is an ever-growing industry. It has a large scope of job opportunities.

After reading this article, if you are hungry to learn about the topic, I would suggest you join a well-recognized institute, like Henry Harvin.

Henry Harvin

The US-based Global Edtech also has a presence in India. Popularly known as Henry Harvin, has students from over 97 different nations and provides a variety of courses. The most sought-after courses and top-ranked programs in India are Henry Harvin’s certified Artificial Intelligence Course and Machine Learning Course. Live lectures are part of the course curriculum to help students comprehend the material better. The content design is simple to implement because it takes a realistic approach. It includes project-based learning, which is essential for the learners’ technical skill development. They are working on actual projects from various businesses at the same time as they are learning the principles. You will be able to understand how artificial intelligence and machine learning relate to robotics once the course is over. Thereby getting you immediately industry ready.

Benefits of the Henry Harvin course:

  • Learn from eminent professionals in the fields of artificial intelligence and machine learning.
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Q1.   Is a career in AI and ML rewarding in India?

NLP, deep learning, and computer vision are specialised abilities that can make you stand out and increase your salary by up to Rs 700,000. Machine learning engineers can earn between Rs 12,00,000 and Rs 23,00,000 annually in the hardware and networking sectors.

Q2.  Does India have a future for AI and ML?

Since data science, artificial intelligence, and machine learning are at the heart of the technological revolution, there are many more employment openings than competent applicants in this industry.

Q3.  Is AI ML superior to CSE?

Due to the extreme demand for tech professionals with expertise in AI and ML, there is a shortage of workers in the market. The starting salary for a CSE employee is INR 3 lakh per year, while INR 6 lakh per year is the starting salary for a professional with an AI and ML background.

Q4.  Are AI and ML challenging?

Even if you’re not a coder, learning AI is not an easy undertaking, but it’s essential to learn at least part of it. Anyone can complete it. Basic comprehension to comprehensive master’s degrees in it is covered in the courses. All concur that it cannot be avoided.

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