In a Database Understanding “How to Run Function in SQL” is vital for working effectively. With this blog, you will learn the process of running SQL functions using various methods. After comprehending and applying these steps and methods, you can master the full potential of SQL functions. As a result, organizing data, executing calculations, creating reports, and running SQL functions will make your tasks more effortless and more efficient.

How to Run Function in SQL

SQL (Structured Query Language) has become a fundamental tool in our digital world. Hence, it is not only a requirement of the Technological field but business and even our daily lives also need it. So, if you’re aspiring to enhance your career in SQL, various SQL Online Courses are available. With these SQL courses, you can organize, analyze, and save data, which are important skills in almost every industry.

What is an SQL Function?


In SQL, a function is like a pre-made tool that allows the execution of precise tasks with data. We can use functions in SQL commands to complete tasks like mathematical estimations, operating with text, or managing dates. SQL provides diverse inbuilt functions, such as mathematical functions, string functions, and date functions to analyze data in a database easily.

Additionally, we can build custom functions to meet distinct requirements. Functions play an important part in simplifying and improving the functionality of SQL queries as well as data manipulation tasks

How to Run Function in SQL? – Step-by-Step Guide

Here we will see a simple and step-by-step guide to understanding How to Run Functions in SQL:

Step 1-Identify the Function

First, you will have to identify which function you desire to run. It could be an inherent function given by your database system or a custom function that you or somebody else has formed.

Step 2- Combine the Function in a Question

Secondly, Combine the function into an SQL question. For instance, if you have a function named estimate total that counts up values in a column, you can use it as follows:

SELECT estimateTotal(column_name) AS total_value

FROM your_table;

Step3-Understand Function Parameters

Moreover, you will have to be careful as the function might need any input parameters. For example, some functions may need you to give specific values or columns as intakes to perform the expected operation.

Step4- Review Documentation

Always review the documentation of your elaborate database system to verify whether you are using the proper syntax and constraint for the function or not. Database systems may have small deviations in how functions are used.

Step5-Perform the Query

At last, execute the SQL Query including the function using the suitable tools or interfaces offered by your database system.

How to Run Function in SQL? – Various Methods

Furthermore, we will explore the various methods of running SQL functions:


How to Run Function in SQL

1- Using Scalar Functions:

  • Basically, Scalar functions create a single value that is based on the intake parameters.
  • To use a scalar function you need to include it in your SQL statements wherever an expression is permitted, For example in SELECT, WHERE, or HAVING clauses.
  • In addition, you will have to provide the required input parameters within the function call. The parameters should match the data types expected by the function.
  • Scalar functions can also be used to convert, manipulate, or drag information from particular rows, and the result is a single value for each row.


SELECT dbo.MyScalarFunction(column1, column2) FROM table_name WHERE dbo.MyScalarFunction(column3) > 100;


The given example is Calculating some value by calling a function with data from column1 and column2. Additionally, it filters the rows to only contain those where a distinct calculation (using data from column 3) is greater than 100. At last, it returns the results of the first calculation for the filtered rows.

2- Applying Aggregate Functions:

  • Aggregate functions process calculations on a set of values and produce a unique value.
  • Firstly, for using Aggregate Function you need to join it with the GROUP BY clause to set the data and execute the calculations on every group.
  • Furthermore, Aggregate functions can perform sum, avg, count, min, max, and many more, depending on the particular database system.
  • Additionally, While applying an aggregate function you need to make sure the function is used for all the rows in the group, and the outcome is a single value for each group as well.
  • Aggregate functions are also useful for rephrasing and researching data at a higher level, such as estimating totals, averages, or other statistical calculations for groups of rows.


SELECT SUM(sales_amount), AVG(profit_margin) FROM sales_table GROUP BY product_category, sales_region;


The given example is representing a table called “sales_table” and doing two things. First, it calculates the total sales amount and the average profit margin. Secondly, it groups the results into two different categories – “product_category” and “sales_region”.

3- Leveraging Table-Valued Functions:

  • Table-valued functions produce an outcome set that can be used in a questioning like a regular table.
  • To use a table-valued function you will have to comprise it in the FROM clause of a SELECT information, likewise you did with a table.
  • On the other hand, you may need to give the demanded input parameters for the table-valued function within the function call.
  • However, the result of the table-valued function can also be filtered, merged, or processed in the same way as a standard table.
  • Furthermore, Table-valued functions are helpful when encapsulating complex logic or data retrieval processes and reusing them across numerous queries.


SELECT * FROM dbo.MyTableValuedFunction(param1, param2) WHERE column_name > 52 ORDER BY another_column;


The given SQL example has three parts. The first part “SELECT * FROM dbo.MyTableValuedFunction(param1, param2)”  means Getting data from a special database function that returns a whole table of information. The second part “WHERE  column_name > 52” strains the information that one column value is greater than the other. And lastly, the third part “ORDER BY another_column;” comes which sorts the final results based on the values in another column.

Learn More About How to Run Function in SQL

How to Run Function in SQL

To be honest, becoming an SQL expert is not too easy to read just a blog. You need proper guidance and a Professional SQL Training Course. Henry Harvin is one of the best online platforms where you can learn SQL with the flexibility of time. With 4.8/5 ratings they not only provide One-to-one interactive live classes but also internships and job support. By enrolling in this course you can master the core concepts of SQL as the leading brands’ experts are going to guide you thoroughly. At the end of the course, you will also get the certificate from Henry Harvin which can reflect your skills in front of the world.


In conclusion, in this data-driven world knowing about SQL and its functioning is a basic requirement. SQL’s ability to manage, analyze, and protect data makes it a must-have tool in every field. It is being used widely by business persons, innovators, and data professionals as an essential tool. As data grows in volume and significance, knowing SQL will remain a fundamental skill for managing and gaining value from all this information. Here, A professional course with a reputed institute like Henry Harvin or any other always helps you to master and upgrade your skills.

Recommended Reads

  1. 10 Best Online SQL Courses in 2024
  2. SQL Constraints-Everything You Should Know
  3. What is SQL? Learn SQL Basics, SQL Full Form & How to Use
  4. Row Number Function in SQL: A Complete Guide


Q1- What is SQL function?

Ans- SQL function is specific, reusable pieces of SQL code that execute operations on data or database objects.

Q2- Can a SQL function produce multiple values?

Ans- A SQL function can not produce multiple values, but we can get similar results by returning an array.

Q3- Why do we use functions in SQL servers?

Ans- We use functions in SQL servers to simplify complex queries and automate repetitive tasks.

Q4- Which SQL function will instruct the database?

Ans- The CONCAT function instructs a database to join two columns into a new column that is called “address.”

Q5- What is the use of the WHERE function in SQL?

Ans- In SQL we use the WHERE function to filter records and extract only those records that fulfill a specified condition.

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