IoT or the Internet of Things is a collective network of technology and connected devices that enables communication between the cloud and various devices, as well as amongst the devices themselves. Due to high bandwidth telecommunication and computer chips available at low cost, there are now billions of devices connected to the internet. As you can see, IoT is a highly popular and in-demand technology. There is a huge opportunity for making a successful career in IOT, and this article shall discuss that in detail. 

Some of the common examples of IOT devices are – smart home devices, smart city, smart locks, healthcare, wearables, connected cars etc.

how to start career in iot

Skilled engineers and professionals have a high career opportunity in the ever-growing field of IOT. There is no fixed criteria of eligibility to enter this field. But if you are an engineering graduate specializing in computer science, electrical, IT or electronic field, you would be a better fit. Some colleges offer undergraduate courses in IOT. They also have a computer science specialization, with IOT as a major subject. 

Now let us discuss how to start a career in IOT. The Skills Required to Have a Successful Career in IOT are as follows:-

Programming Languages-

Being an expert in several different programming languages would go a long way in ensuring that you have a successful career in IOT. C, C++, Python, and Java are the most commonly used programming languages in IOT.

Hardware Knowledge-

It is important to understand the hardware components and their interactions. Moreover, this is very vital for IOT development. This includes knowledge of sensors, actuators, microcontrollers, and communication protocols such as Bluetooth, Zigbee, and MQTT.

Networking and Protocols-

It is essential for IOT developers to understand networking protocols and concepts. Understanding concepts such as HTTP, MQTT, CoAP and TCP/IP is important for the connectivity between devices and cloud.

Data Management and Analytics-

IOT generates a lot of data, and it is important to know how to handle and analyze this data effectively. Knowledge of data management systems, such as SQL and NoSQL databases would be quite beneficial. It would also be important to learn about data analytics tools such as Apache Spark and Hadoop. This knowledge would help you in building a successful career in IOT.


Understanding security concepts such as encryption techniques, authentication protocols, best practices, and secure communication protocols is important in safeguarding IOT systems from cyber threats.

Cloud Computing

Knowledge of cloud computing platforms such as AWS IOT, Microsoft Azure IOT and Google Cloud IOT is valuable for IOT developers, and would help them in establishing a strong career in IOT.

Data Visualization –

Understanding data visualization frameworks and tools such as Tableau, matplotlib and D3.js helps in creating excellent visual representations of IOT data.

Problem Solving and Analytical Thinking-

Strong problem-solving and analytical thinking skills are needed to identify, resolve and troubleshoot the problems arising during IOT solutions deployment and development. This helps in building a successful career in IOT.

how to start career in iot

If you are still wondering how to start a career in IOT, the following list will help you. The Career Opportunities in IOT are as follows:-

Data Analytics-

 In this job, you have to make sense of whatever data you collect. You would require strong statistical understanding as well as knowledge of working with statistics-based languages such as R, SAS and some Python libraries such as Pandas and NumPy. You should be able to find correlations and tabulate your findings from data in a presentable and graphical manner. If you excel at this, you would have a strong career in IOT.

Networking and Networking Structure-

Professionals specializing in networking and networking setups would be required to make sure that all the connections are working well. The employees in this field should be able to design an efficient network architecture. Moreover it should be foolproof, there shouldn’t be any wiring problems and the communication protocols should be followed effectively.


The employees in this field are responsible for finding and fixing security flaws wherever the system fails, doing regular testing, challenging the system’s integrity with different techniques and putting the entire process of using an IOT device in a secured and smooth connection bubble. Moreover you need to know Vulnerability Evaluation, Public Key Encryption and several techniques to secure wireless networks if you want to work in this field.

Hardware and Devices-

The employees in this field must be knowledgeable about working with devices such as different transmitters, sensor modules, protocols and integrators like BLE and Zigbee. They should keep themselves updated about any new device or technology that becomes mainstream and important.

User Interface-

If you become a UI developer, you would have to make sure that users get the best experience with your designing and creativity skills. Moreover you should be able to understand and fulfill your customers’ requirements.

Sensors and Actuators Professional-

You would have to be able to test different tools and always choose the most optimum solution for any application. You would be responsible for conducting research of various technologies and staying updated with the changes in the industry. If you succeed at this you would have a strong and successful career in IOT.

Embedded Programs Engineer-

 For this job you would have to design several PCBs. They should match the utility of the program under construction. It should be able to access the firmware of the device to program certain non-negotiable and predefined functions Integrating software engineering with non-computer devices and working closely with the hardware is the job of the Embedded Programs engineer.

how to start career in iot

The demand as well as salaries are high for the Internet of Things. For freshers, average salaries are more than 5 lacs. Students need to spend more than one year to prepare for the entrance test of Internet of Things. Although, the rewards are really good too, since the salaries are quite high and satisfying. 

There are three career paths a student can take to make a successful career in IOT in the future.

  • They can opt for 12th Maths, then B-tech in electronics and communication, M-tech in digital communication and networking, along with a IOT certification course.
  • Or they can opt for 12th science stream, BE/B-Tech in computer science and a PG diploma/certificate in IOT.
  • Or they can opt for 12th science stream, Bachelor in computer science/electronics, and certifications like CloTS/CloTP.


If you still want to learn more about IOT, and are interested in starting a career in IOT, you should definitely check out Henry Harvin’s IOT (Internet of Things) Certification Course. This course will help you gain expertise on important modules of IOT such as IOT ecosystem, IOT solution architecture, IOT framework, Network Protocols and Application Layer Protocols. You will get to work on Raspberry Pi and Sense HAT. You will also gain hands-on experience with Azure IOT Hub and Alexa voice. 

career in iot

This course will make you a certified IOT solution engineer. It will help you in achieving a successful career in IOT. This will also showcase your expertise on the topic. The course shall teach you how to start a career in IOT.

The key features of this course are:-

  • It is a nine-in-one course that provides you with projects, training, internships, masterclasses, e-learning, placement, certification, gold membership, and hackathons.
  • The curriculum of this course is curated by experts to provide integrated learning to provide knowledge to candidates as well as skills to apply at work after placement.
  • You are provided with hands-on training on the course with projects and a focus on learning while doing.
  • One year gold membership of Analytics Academy is provided.
  • You get trained by an expert. Complete assistance is provided during and post-completion of the course.
  • There is a 100% money-back guarantee. If you are not satisfied with the course, a refund will be provided to you. 

The following video will explain more about the Internet of Things in detail. If you want to learn more about IOT courses, then the video is a must-watch. 

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Frequently Asked Questions About Making Career in IOT:-

Q.1 What is the future of IOT in 2025?

Ans. There is expected to be a rollout of over 41 billion IOT devices by 2025. This would lead to a massive growth in data and it will push computing operations and data analytics to the edge.

Q.2 What is the highest salary for an IOT engineer in India?

Ans. The highest salary for an IOT engineer in India is 11/lakh rupees per year.

Q.3 Is it difficult to learn IOT?

Ans. Learning IOT can be challenging, especially if you are new to the concepts of software, hardware, and networking, but with enough practice, training, dedication, and the right resources, it is certainly possible to master it.

Q.4 Which is the no.1 IOT company in India?

Ans. Accenture, located in Bengaluru, is currently the no. 1 IOT company in India. 

Q.5 Who came up with the term IOT?

A. The term Internet of Things was coined in 1999 by computer scientist Kevin Ashton. 

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