Making changes to internal operations and processes becomes increasingly challenging as your company expands in size. All because people become accustomed to the old ways. Processes can accrue over time in large and small businesses alike. This also results in legacy snarls that are deeply ingrained in how things are done. BPR is a tried-and-true methodology that helps organizations cut through the Gordian Knots. Especially those, that are mostly hindering substantial changes and cost reductions.

What is Business Process Re-engineering (BPR)?

Business process reengineering is the radical revamping of business processes. Comes with the goal of dramatically increasing productivity, cycle times, quality, and employee and customer happiness. Firstly, businesses figure out what has to be done to deliver value to the customer. Process mining (the examination of information system event logs) is one technique that can aid in the discovery, monitoring, and optimization of processes. Then they decide how to do the task—or if it should be done at all. Rethinking the responsibilities of third parties or outsourcing is an important aspect of Business Process Reengineering.

Why do Companies use Business Process Reengineering (BPR)?

As a business grows, reengineering its processes becomes more difficult and expensive. Also, because of competition and unforeseen market fluctuations, they are the ones who must adjust.


Rather than being industry-specific, the need for BPR is always based on what an organization hopes to achieve. BPR is successful when businesses need to break the mold and turn the tables in order to achieve lofty objectives. Adopting any other process management alternatives will be like moving the deck chairs on the Titanic.

When is Business Process Reengineering (BPR) Required?

When businesses encounter difficulties such as inefficiency, low customer satisfaction, high expenses, and slow processes, they must reengineer their operations. BPR is a strategic approach that entails radical restructuring of business processes to increase cost, quality, service, and speed. BPR entails rejecting established rules and taking an unusual approach to redesigning processes. Businesses utilize BPR to boost overall performance, customer happiness, decision-making, and control.

Are Business Process Improvement (BPI) and Business Process Reengineering (BPR) the Same?

On the surface, BPR resembles business process improvement (BPI). However, there are basic differences between the two. BPI may involve minor rule changes. Moreover, reengineering is an unconstrained strategy to looking beyond prescribed bounds and implementing seismic changes.
While BPI is an incremental approach that focuses on tweaking existing processes to improve them, BPR considers the big picture. The process framework largely stays the same when using BPI. BPR, on the other hand, rejects established standards and frequently uses innovative methods to rework procedures from a high-level management standpoint.

BPI is similar to improving the exhaust system on your DIY vehicle. Business Process Reengineering (BPR) entails rethinking the entire exhaust management process.

Businesses Must Comply with BPR when:

  1. Customer complaints and refund requests are increasing.
  2. Employee stress, disagreements, and turnover are high.
  3. Chaos reigns after experienced personnel resign or go on leave.
  4. Profitability is dropping.
  5. There is a slow follow-up on sales leads.
  6. Corporate governance has been inadequate.
  7. You are having difficulty managing your cash flow.
  8. Your inventory levels are increasing.
  9. You cannot fulfill client orders soon enough.

How does business process reengineering (BPR) work?

Business Process Reengineering (BPR) is a complete strategy for restructuring and optimizing organizational processes in order to increase efficiency, effectiveness, and adaptability. It entails completely redesigning company processes in order to achieve significant increases in productivity, cycle times, quality, and employee and customer happiness. BPR normally involves a set of steps that may differ slightly based on the organization and industry.

Steps of Business Process Re-engineering (BPR):

1. Determine what you want:

What do you anticipate to see after executing a given business workflow? Once you understand how you want your company outcomes to work, you can begin to investigate why they aren’t happening. For example, if you want to provide supplies to customers in a timely manner, consider strategies to speed up the process of moving items from warehouses to delivery trucks.

2. Define the present situation.

Go through the procedures required to complete a work process. Further, consider where logjams could occur, reducing efficiency and increasing costs.

3. Identify gaps.

Set up key performance indicators (KPIs) that show you how close or far you are to attaining your business objectives. Consider cycle time, the production process, or how long it takes to load vehicles at the warehouse.

4. Choose a test case.

Look identify a critical procedure that affects your organization’s effectiveness. Then, create a future state that will assist you reach your company’s strategic goals.

5. Develop and test your hypothesis.

Create new workflows and procedures, and then communicate with the appropriate parties. Create test scenarios for any new or improved features in your overhauled process.

6. Implement the new process.

Additionally, ensure that you have the necessary dependencies and resources to effectively implement your changes.

7. Evaluate performance.

Track the new process’s performance and utilize your KPIs to compare the results to the previous business workflow.

BPR Team Member Roles

BPR called for dramatic change, which demanded considerable commitment from a company’s top leaders. Such a team could look like the following:

Team leader

A top executive who has envisioned and approved the entire reengineering effort. The team leader is also responsible for appointing the process owner.

Process owner

A senior manager in charge of a particular business procedure. Moreover, the process owner is in charge of forming a team to reengineer the process they manage.

Reengineering team

The reengineering team is in charge of examining the existing process and overseeing its redesign.

Steering committee

The steering committee, chaired by the team leader, is in charge of resolving conflicts and assisting process owners in making decisions regarding competing objectives.

Reengineering czar

A person in charge of coordinating all ongoing reengineering activities on a daily basis. The czar’s role is to facilitate and develop the procedures and tools that the organization uses.

Challenges of the BPR process:

Not all BPR procedures are as successful as portrayed. Companies that have begun the use of BPR projects encounter many of the following challenges: resistance, tradition, time requirements, cost, and job losses.

Advantages of BPR:

  1. BPR provides strong integration between several elements.
  2. It also provides the same views for the business, including the same database, uniform reporting, and analysis.
  3. BPR provides a process orientation facility, which streamlines procedures.
  4. It provides extensive features, such as templates and reference models.
  5. Comparatively, it is versatile.
  6. It’s scalable.
  7. It is extendable.

Disadvantages of BPR:

  1. It can necessitate a substantial commitment of resources.
  2. This may cause disruption and resistance within the company.
  3. It can be difficult to manage and implement.
  4. This can also lead to greater complexity and misunderstanding.
  5. It can have unanticipated negative consequences.

Henry Harvin Education offers a variety of business analysis courses, such as the Certified Business Analysis Course, Professional Certificate in Business Analyst, Certified Business Analytics Practitioner (CBAP), and Certified Python Business Analyst (CPBA).

By using analytics tools like Python, R, and advanced Excel, candidates will be able to grasp critical skills for business analysis. Renowned business executives endorse the training courses, which also offer job placement assistance. The courses are also flexible and designed for beginners who want to improve their understanding of business analysis and analytics technologies.

Recommended Reads:


Q.1: What is BPR, and do I need it?

Ans: Businesses looking for significant performance improvements can benefit from BPR, but whether or not it is necessary will depend on the particular objectives of the company and the resources at hand.

Q.2: What is the purpose of BPR?

Ans: Business Process Reengineering (BPR) aims to produce significant improvements in crucial areas such as output, cost, service, and speed.

Q.3: What is the audience for BPR?

Ans: The target audience for Business Process Reengineering (BPR) includes CEOs, senior leaders, process owners, business analysts, IT professionals, frontline staff, customers, and change management specialists.

Q.4: How was BPR developed?

Ans: The field of corporate leaders, academics, and management consultants came together to form the corporate Process Reengineering (BPR) coalition. It has developed over time, resulting in the introduction of new procedures and approaches.

Q.5: Are there templates available for BPR?

Ans: Regarding the availability of BPR templates, organizations, and internet platforms provide standardized templates and tools to help BPR campaigns. There are also online portals that offer digital best practices, web tools, and templates for BPR, as well as AI-powered interactive resources to help with BPR activities.

E&ICT IIT Guwahati Best Data Science Program

Ranks Amongst Top #5 Upskilling Courses of all time in 2021 by India Today

View Course

Join the Discussion

Interested in Henry Harvin Blog?
Get Course Membership Worth Rs 6000/-
For Free

Our Career Advisor will give you a call shortly

Someone from India

Just purchased a course

1 minutes ago
Henry Harvin Student's Reviews
Henry Harvin Reviews on Trustpilot | Henry Harvin Reviews on Ambitionbox |
Henry Harvin Reviews on Glassdoor| Henry Harvin Reviews on Coursereport