With the recent advancement in technology and telecommunication, technical writing has emerged as a great career opportunity. Its scope encompasses evolving technology and industries, not limiting it to engineering, medical papers, and software, but also finance, marketing, and web content. In the following article, we will try to explore the fundamentals of technical writing

writing a technical piece of writing

Technical writing is a specialized form of writing that provides information on a particular subject in the form of reports, user manuals, official documents, etc to a specific audience with a pre-defined purpose. The fundamentals of technical writing are essential for producing accurate and informative content.  

The primary idea behind technical writing is to simplify complex information and make it comprehensible to the audience. The content focuses on understandability rather than the creativity involved in writing a technical piece of content. It mainly comprises writing user manuals, training manuals, administration guides, and much more. 

The demand for technical writing increases with our dependence on technology and advancement in the same. With the enhancement of artificial intelligence and chatbots, technical writing has become a necessity.

What does a technical writer do?

Technical writing is a job that needs extensive knowledge of technical concepts and comprehension skills to communicate complex information to users in the form of user manuals and instruction manuals. 

Technical writers are responsible for communicating and explaining technical and complex concepts. They need to analyze their audience and research their topics accordingly, brainstorm the outline of their content, and define their requirements. 

They also need to present their content using charts, images, and lists and increase the 

readability of the content. They also follow the fundamentals of technical writing to put out concise and informative content. 


Fundamentals of technical writing:

Fundamentals of technical writing are a set of principles, regulations, and practices that technical writers follow to write clear and effective information. 

following are the fundamentals of Technical Writing that need to be focused on:

1. Audience- 

When writing a piece of content, it is essential to understand your audience, who you are writing the content for, and the end users of your content. Technical writing is required to register content that is understandable for the audience and realize their need for the information. 

When writing technical content, make sure it is readable, and avoid using long and complex sentences. Usually, when the content is too wordy, there is a chance of loss of interest in the reader. Using simpler words and keeping the document concise may help the reader to comprehend much more easily. 

One should write and then take a moment to understand their audience and their requirements from the information and phrases to better understanding. Always remember to read the content as a reader or final audience and well. 

2. Clarity in content 

The aim should be to strive for clarity while writing technical writing, the more clear and comprehensive the content will be, the easier will be for the audience to understand the same. 

Post Graduate Program in Technical Writing

Strengthen your Writing prowess as you master the art of simplifying Complex Technical details into clear and well-structured documents

View Course

This fundamentals of technical writing focuses on making content readable. Avoid the usage of lengthy sentences and keep them crisp. Technical jargon and terms should be avoided by the writer as well. One should also provide proper definitions of technical terms if using any. 

Usage of complex vocabulary may not appeal to the audience at large, thus using simpler words is usually advised.   

3. Grammar and punctuation 

Since technical writing is expected to be done in standard English, it is crucial to make sure that there are no grammatical errors. Always check for these mistakes before publishing the content, even though finding these errors may be difficult in lengthy documents we should check for our spelling and basic grammar errors.

Some basic points to keep in mind are:

  • Checking subject-verb agreement of your writing.
  • Tenses used while writing
  • Correct usage of words 
  • Structuring of sentences

There are a lot of tools available online that can detect these and eros and help in writing like: 

  • Grammarly
  • Hemingway 
  • Pro writing aid 

One should also emphasize the usage of correct punctuation while writing. Punctuations can change the meaning of the sentences and should be used wisely.

These fundamentals of technical writing are crucial as English is a language that if not appropriately phrased can be misinterpreted by many and thus should be taken care of while writing.

4. Active voice 

While writing, one should always use an active voice as active is much easier to read and comprehend. Still, technical writers sometimes prefer to write in the passive voice. When writing in an active voice, the subject is defined better and is highlighted more. 

Active voice also makes the content more clear and direct, which is one of the fundamentals of technical writing. 

5. Consistency 

Another thing to keep in mind is the consistency of the content. The formats and the style of writing should be in sync and consistent throughout the document. 

The terminology used in the document should also be consistent that is refrain from using synonyms of the same concept. It helps in avoiding confusion. 

The writer should use the style of writing picked at the beginning stages of the writing and stick to it throughout the document. This includes the use of correct tenses and active voice to make the content easy to follow. 

6. Legal consideration 

Legal consideration is the responsibility of a writer to adhere to the rules and standards while crafting a document. It is the responsibility of the writer to protect confidential and sensitive information that they may have to deal with.

They also have to keep in mind copyright issues and plagiarism. They should avoid using copyrighted content and use more original content. 

While writing content, they should make sure that their content is ethical and facts are actual. They avoid misrepresentation and making fake claims related to their subjects.

7. Purpose-driven 

Another important fundamental of technical writing is that content should be purpose-driven. The content should clearly define the purpose and establish the aim of the writing. The purpose should be concise and unambiguous. 

It should be directed toward the audience keeping in mind the ease of the readers and providing them with simpler interpretation of complex information. 

Recommended course 

Herny Harvin offers its course on fundamentals of technical writing. It is the perfect guide to help you get through the basics of technical writing and grasp its concepts. They provide you with training and experience in writing in the real world.

The features of their course 

  • 36 Hours of Technical Writing Training (30 hours lecture + 6 hours writing Assignments)
  • 3 Months Paid Internship (Flexible Hours + Online Earning Opportunity)
  • Free Access to Technical Writing Tools Worth 25K

Technical Writing Course and Training Online


Technical writing is a great career opportunity in the present times. They get hired by companies and also work as freelancers. The scope of technical writing is beyond engineering and medical papers. To opt for technical writing as a career opportunity, you need to have at least a bachelor’s degree and extensive knowledge related to the subject. 


Q1. Which technical writing course is the best?

A1. There are a lot of courses available that you can find over the Internet, however, we recommend you take Henry Harvin’s technical writing course.

Q2. How long do technical courses take to end?

A2. these courses usually take from anywhere between 2 months up to 6 months. 

Q3. Are these courses available for free?

A3. No, these courses are usually paid, they cost between Rs 15,000 to 30,000

Q4. what are some technical writing tools?

A4. you can use Grammarly and WordPress for the content management system.

Recommended videos for you

Join the Discussion

Interested in Henry Harvin Blog?
Get Course Membership Worth Rs 6000/-
For Free

Our Career Advisor will give you a call shortly

Someone from India

Just purchased a course

1 minutes ago
Henry Harvin Student's Reviews
Henry Harvin Reviews on Trustpilot | Henry Harvin Reviews on Ambitionbox |
Henry Harvin Reviews on Glassdoor| Henry Harvin Reviews on Coursereport