With the evolution of technology, Data science, which was initially just tallying and organizing data has come a long way. Consequently, data science jobs on the market require training. Sometimes companies have overlapping job descriptions. So, it is hard to know whether you are qualified for the job. Data Scientist vs Data Analyst vs Data Engineer: Roles and Skills discusses the details of three important jobs in data science. These data science jobs may require the same or very similar skills.

What is Data Science?

Data is the heart of any business. Companies work with big data – meaning vast sets of structured or unstructured data from various sources. Valuable insights regarding the performance, market situation, and customer preferences, are some of the important information contained in this data. Mathematical models and statistics, analytics, artificial intelligence, and machine learning are used for this purpose. To sum up, these complex processes form the core of Data science. You can explore various Data Science Courses in India to become an expert in this field.

Data Scientist vs Data Analyst vs Data Engineer: Role Overview

Data Scientist


A data scientist collects and processes large volumes of data to find valuable information useful for the growth of the organization. Hence, the role includes being a mathematician, a scientist, a statistician, and a computer programmer. For this purpose, they use advanced techniques like machine learning and predictive modeling. They figure out information for more effective marketing campaigns, improved customer service, stronger supply chain management, and better overall business decisions and strategies. Furthermore, data scientists may be expected to interpret data without being given any specific problem. Hence, they need to have a sound understanding of the industry they are working in so they can pose relevant questions. As a result, they can come up with meaningful interpretations and conclusions.

Data Analyst

A data analyst is someone skilled at gathering and studying data from different places to give useful insights that can help companies grow. They EW great at researching, analyzing, and reporting to give actionable information. Furthermore, data analysts create reports that assist organizations in recognizing needs, finding areas to improve, and making smart choices about new products or services.

Data Engineer

Data Engineers use a combination of analysis, experience, wisdom, and decision-making skills to help companies make important decisions. They are tech experts in the data science field. In simple terms, they set up the systems to gather, organize, store, and change data for a company. 

Data Scientist vs Data Analyst vs Data Engineer: Job Responsibilities

Data Scientist:

Daily responsibilities include:

  1. Collecting data from different sources like databases, APIs, and other datasets and ensures that collected data is accurate, complete, and organized correctly for analysis.
  2. Cleaning and preprocessing data before analysis to eliminate inconsistencies, errors, and missing values. This step is critical for accurate results.
  3. Conducting initial data analysis to uncover insights and find patterns in the data using statistical techniques and data visualization tools.
  4. Creating models and developing algorithms to predict outcomes, classify data, or make recommendations. For this reason, they carefully select algorithms, train and test models, and fine-tune them to achieve optimal performance.
  5. Above all, a Data Scientist should be adept at communicating the complex results to non-technical teams using data visualization tools like Matplotlib, Tableau, and others.

Data Analyst

The typical responsibilities are:

  1. A Data Analyst extracts data from various sources and reconstructs them so that humans and machines can understand the data.
  2. Design databases
  3. Interpret and analyze the data using statistical methods to predict trends, which can inform policy and decision-making processes.
  4. Generate reports for the organizational leadership to share the patterns and predictions that result from data analysis.
  5. Furthermore, work alongside programmers, engineers, and organizational leaders to find ways to improve processes, suggest system changes, and create policies for data governance.

Data Engineer

  1. Preprocess data to ensure it is clean, organized, and ready for analysis.
  2. Transform data into valuable insights using various techniques, tools, and cloud-based platforms.
  3. Develop and maintain ETL pipelines to make essential data accessible throughout the organization.
  4. Support BI analysts by designing and maintaining BI platforms, ensuring that all big data applications operate efficiently.
  5. Lastly, a Data Engineer collaborates with data scientists and leadership to create solutions and platforms that align with a company’s business requirements.

Data Scientist vs Data Analyst vs Data Engineer: Skills

The following images show the skills required for the three roles. Because of the similarity in the job responsibilities, some skills may overlap.

Data Scientist

To succeed as a data scientist, one should possess robust analytical abilities to interpret large datasets and find valuable insights. Proficiency in programming languages like Python or R is indispensable for analyzing data. Furthermore, a strong understanding of statistics and machine learning algorithms is essential for creating precise predictive models. Effective communication skills are also required to share findings and collaborate with diverse teams.

Data Scientist Skills
Skills Needed to be a Data Scientist

Data Analyst

Data analysts need a keen eye for detail to identify patterns and trends effectively, from large data sets. Also, SQL and data visualization tools like Tableau is essential for querying databases. Communication skills are important to present insights with clarity. Additionally, a basic understanding of statistical concepts to interpret data accurately and derive meaningful conclusions.

Data Analyst Skills
Skills Needed to be a Data Analyst

Data Engineer

Data engineers need expertise in managing database systems and data architecture to create dependable data pipelines. They also require experience in programming languages like Python, Java, or Scala to build efficient data infrastructure. Additionally, familiarity with big data technologies is essential for handling large datasets effectively.

Data Engineer Skills
Skills Needed to be a Data Engineer

Data Scientist vs Data Analyst vs Data Engineer: Salary

Data ScientistData AnalystData Engineer
As per the data available from credible job websites, a data scientist could expect an average annual salary of around 11 lacs.A fresher can earn an average salary of 4.5 lacs per annum.According to Glassdoor.com, the average base salary is around 8.25 lacs.
Salary comparison

Become a Certified Professional in Data Science

You could get certified! Certification programs or courses specific to data science that can develop skills and experience in data science projects will help. To enhance the opportunities in this field you can take a Data Science Professional Course from a reputed institute like Henry Harvin. Henry Harvin offers a wide range of courses in Data Science, that will train you and enable you to meet the industry expectations. 

Highlights of the Course

  1. 32 hours of interactive learning and free access to learning materials
  2. Practical training in the tools used by Data Scientists
  3. Understand database concepts and programming languages that support data science
  4. Gain expertise in writing SQL
  5. Guaranteed internship with Henry Harvin or associated firms


Data science is a dynamic field that requires continuous learning and adaptation of new skills while letting go of outdated ones. Presently, the roles in data science are on the rise due to the massive amounts of data generated daily. A leading networking site’s report points out that data science has experienced a remarkable growth of over 650% since 2012, making it the fastest-growing job requirement worldwide.

A bachelor’s degree is the basic requirement for the beginner level. Employers are also recruiting graduates in math, statistics, computers, economics, and finance.

Recommended Reads

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Types Of Jobs in Data Science in 2024 [Updated]

10 Facts About Data Science You Should Know

10 Essential Tips For People Starting A Career In Data Science (2024)

Frequently asked questions

Q.1) Can I become a data scientist without a basic degree?

You might get an entry-level job without a degree, however, it is extremely difficult. A graduate degree in science, math, statistics, economics, finance, etc will help you get a job easier.

Q.2) How can I be hired as a data engineer?

You should have a bachelor’s degree in computer science/data science or an engineering degree. Higher qualifications like Masters in data science, and/or PhD in data science will earn the job as a data engineer. Moreover, you should also have certification in programming languages like Java, and Python, and have a good understanding of database management systems.

Q.3) What should I look for in a course in data science?

You should opt for courses that match your career goal and current skill level. Find out the experience level of the instructors. Additionally, choose a course that offers hands-on training, and the certification offered is recognized everywhere. Last but not least, ensure there is placement assurance offered at the end of the course.

Q.4) What is the duration of a data science course?

Depending on the skill level and expertise chosen, data science courses can last anywhere from 6 months to 4 or 5 years. Basic courses like a diploma in data science go on for 3-6 months, whereas highly technical engineering courses in data science will take 4 years to complete. Furthermore, a candidate pursuing PhD in data science may have to go a very long way.

Q.5) How can I get hands-on experience in data science before I start working?

When you opt for advanced courses from industry experts like Henry Harvin, an internship is guaranteed. Occasionally, you might also be involved in real-time case studies and projects. All these tasks will give you working experience in data science.

Q.6) Are the jobs of a data analyst and a data scientist similar?

No, they are different. Data analysts look into data to find trends and insights, using tools such as Excel, and generate reports for decision-making. Whereas, data scientists dig deeper into data analysis by constructing specialized models using machine learning, to predict outcomes or solve complex problems. Data scientists generally possess more advanced skills in programming, and statistics, and have better domain knowledge than data analysts.

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